Teaching multiplication strategies to help your child understand and remember the multiplication tables. Understanding and memorizing the multiplication facts ensures that children can work out maths problems. They can then quickly answer questions, both in their head and on paper. Children will also be more confident when endeavouring to learn other aspects of maths that are often connected to the multiplication table. It is important to take your time and teach appropriate times tables for each school year. This will help children with the new multiplication check test that children have to sit in year 4 in the UK.
Year 2 (grade 1) should know the 2, 5 and 10 times tables
Year 2 times tables expectations
Children should also be learning division facts alongside the times tables. Children should be able to divide and understand inverse of these numbers. They also need to know the division facts for these times tables, for example if 2 x 10 = 20, then 20 / 2 = 10 . These are good multiplication strategies to help your child.
Year 3 (grade 2) should know the – 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 and 9 times tables
Year 3 times tables expectations
With lots of times tables to learn in year 3, learning them in a specific order can really help. The teaching multiplication strategies and tricks of learning them in a particular order is important. The 4 times table is a great place to begin with multiplication to help your child. Children will have knowledge of the two times tables which will help them.
Year 4 (grade 3) should know all the tables including now the 11 and 12 multiplication times tables
Year 4 times tables expectations
Although tables over 10 may seem daunting – do not fear! Start with the 11 times table and then move on to the 12 times table.
Year 5 and 6 (grade 5)
Year 5 and 6 times tables expectations
By year 5 and 6 children should know all the multiplication tables as they would have encountered numerous teaching multiplication strategies.
Teaching multiplication strategies that teach specific multiplication tables depending on which school year a child is in can be very useful. This helps children to apply the knowledge they have gained and use various techniques to answer multiplication questions. By practising all the times tables they have learned in the order above, children can keep their knowledge fresh and develop their instant recall.